Allergic responses against food components in the intestinal tract are arranged by the release of mediators like histamine usually leading to diarrhoea. Not only the effector cells themselves, i.e. smooth muscle or epithelial cells, are activated by allergic mediators, but also enteric neurons as there is a strong interaction between the enteric nervous system and the immune system.
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Received: May 15, 2013
© 2013 Published by Elsevier Inc.